[231], Despite reports that the couple would leave for their honeymoon the day after their wedding,[232][233] Prince William immediately returned to his work as a search-and-rescue pilot, and the couple did not depart until 9 May, ten days after their wedding. At the coronation of a king and queen, the vivat for the queen precedes that for the king. Numerous composers have set the words to music, among them Henry Purcell and William Boyce; its most famous setting was written in 1902 by Sir Hubert Parry, which sets only verses 1–3, 6, and 7. Floral motifs were cut from lengths of these and then appliquéd by hand onto silk net (tulle) by workers from the Royal School of Needlework. Shortly after, Middleton arrived with the party of maid of honour and junior attendants. Bach, Benjamin Britten, Frederick Delius, Edward Elgar, Gerald Finzi, Charles Villiers Stanford, Ralph Vaughan Williams and Percy Whitlock. The acclamation section is not sung with standard Latin pronunciation, but with a variant known as Anglicized Latin. [57] A prominent decorative addition inside the abbey for the ceremony was an avenue of 20-foot tall trees, six field maple and two hornbeams, arranged on either side of the main aisle.[58]. Prince William almost couldn’t get Kate’s ring on. His composing studio is on the Isle of Anglesey, where Prince William and Kate lived as newlyweds. Strengthened by our union help us to serve and comfort those who suffer. Although the press speculated that they might be headed to locations such as South America, Jordan, and Kenya,[232] the couple ultimately decided to honeymoon for 10 days on a secluded villa on a private island in the Seychelles. Kate chose the ‘Bridal March’ from The Birds and Sir Parry’s ‘I Was Glad’ which has been used for every coronation since that of King Edward VII and at Queen Elizabeth II’s Golden Jubilee. At the first performance of Parry's arrangement at the 1902 coronation, the director of music, Sir Frederick Bridge, misjudged the timing and had finished the anthem before the King had arrived, having to repeat it when the right moment came. [26][27][28] As 29 April fell six days before elections for the Scottish Parliament and the Alternative Vote referendum, this attracted political comment. Getty Images. Why William and Kate weren't at Royal wedding - along with Charles and Camilla A throng of royals turned out to watch Lady Gabriella Windsor and Thomas Kingston say 'I do' - … [35], The costs of the wedding itself were borne by the Royal Family and the Middletons themselves, while the costs of security and transport were covered by Her Majesty's Treasury. The car, a blue, two seat Aston Martin DB6 Volante (MkII convertible) that had been given to Prince Charles by the Queen as a 21st birthday present, was decorated in the customary newlywed style by the best man and friends; the rear number plate read "JU5T WED". [78][79] As a serving Royal Air Force flight lieutenant who also held the equivalent Royal Navy rank of lieutenant and army rank of captain in the Blues and Royals, William could have chosen to wear the uniform of any of these junior officer ranks. We ask this in the Spirit of Jesus Christ. [174] It has been suggested that the "two billion" figure is exaggerated,[175] and that there are too many gaps in the worldwide TV measuring system to accurately audit global audience figures. Charles picked Charles Hubert Hasting Parry's I Was Glad, to play on Classic FM station and he admitted to using 'gentle persuasion' to get Kate … [44] The invitation of Seán Cardinal Brady, Primate of All Ireland, to the event, and its acceptance, were described as "unprecedented" by a spokesman for Ireland's Catholic bishops. [151] The CBC[152] and CTV had live coverage. Scholars of Classical Latin would pronounce the Vivat Regina as [ˈwiːwat reːˈɡiːna]; those of Ecclesiastical Latin would pronounce it [ˈvivat reˈdʒina]. The correct traditional English pronunciation when referring to the British monarch is /ˈvaɪvæt rɪˈdʒaɪnə/ VY-vat rih-JY-nə. [154] In Mexico, the wedding aired on Televisa and TV Azteca; all television stations in Mexico carrying the ceremony stayed on the air during the late night hours instead of normally signing off. with Miss Catherine Middleton: A summary of information released so far", "Kate and Wills greet well-wishers before Royal Wedding! Prince Charles shared that he suggested pieces of music for Kate Middleton and Prince William's 2011 wedding in an interview with Alan Titchmarsh on Classic FM, [67], The bride's shield-shaped wired bouquet, designed by Derek Connolly, contained myrtle, Lily of the Valley, Sweet William and hyacinth. ", "Pippa Middleton's Bridesmaid Dress Also Designed by Sarah Burton", "Pippa Middleton Stuns in White Bridemaid Dress at Royal Wedding (PHOTOS)", "Royal wedding: Prince William marries in Irish Guards red", "Prince William appointed as Colonel of the Irish Guards, 10 February 2011", "Royal wedding: Prince William wears RAF wings on Irish Guards tunic", "Prince William had wedding uniform made from heat-absorbing material over fears he would faint", "Prince William and Kate Middleton reveal wedding plans", "Archbishop of Canterbury to officiate at royal wedding", Kate Middleton confirms her faith for the big day, "Kate walks up the aisle on the arm of her father", "Royal wedding: Transcript of marriage service", "Royal Wedding: Williams greets fans ahead of wedding", The Wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton, "The wedding of HRH Prince William of Wales and Miss Catherine Middleton – an update", "RAF Northolt man pens Royal Wedding fanfare", "Musicians for the Wedding Service at Westminster Abbey", "Royal wedding: Crowds gather for the day", "Royal Wedding: Prince William and Kate Middleton choose popular hymns", "Royal wedding: the Order of Service in full", "William and Kate incredibly moved by public reaction", The Central Council of Church Bell Ringers – Notes on ringing for the Royal Wedding and on the Abbey’s ringers and bells, "Welsh gold wedding ring continues royal tradition", "Prince William Won't Wear a Wedding Band", "Royal wedding: Anglesey leads celebrations across Wales", "Titles announced for Prince William and Catherine Middleton", "Royal wedding: New Scots title for royal couple", "Royal wedding: route Kate Middleton will take to Westminster Abbey revealed", "Prince William and Kate Middleton wedding: Harpist to welcome royal couple", "What's on the menu for a proper British royal wedding? At 1.25 pm, the couple appeared on the balcony of Buckingham Palace to watch a flypast of an Avro Lancaster bomber, a Supermarine Spitfire fighter, and a Hawker Hurricane fighter aircraft from the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight, followed by two Typhoons from RAF Coningsby and two Tornado GR4s from RAF Leuchars in a flat diamond formation. [45], The route of the groom and his party to the ceremony went between Buckingham Palace and Westminster Abbey, by The Mall, passing Clarence House, by Horse Guards Road, Horse Guards Parade, through Horse Guards Arch, Whitehall, the south side of Parliament Square, and Broad Sanctuary. The hymn, originally written in Welsh by 18th-century Methodist preacher William Williams, had been sung at the funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales. I watched the wedding live, in the wee hours of the morning in California. [95] The words to their second hymn, "Love Divine, All Loves Excelling", were by Charles Wesley and its tune – Blaenwern – was composed by William Penfro Rowlands, during the 1904–1905 Welsh Revival. As the choir sang "I was glad", an anthem by Sir Hubert Parry composed in 1902 for the coronation of King Edward VII, the bride made her three-and-a-half-minute procession through the nave and choir on her father's arm, to meet Prince William. [44], More than half of the guests to attend the wedding itself were family and friends of the couple, though there was a significant number of Commonwealth leaders (including the governors-general who represent the Queen in Commonwealth realms other than the UK, prime ministers of the Commonwealth realms, and heads of government of other Commonwealth countries), members of religious organisations, the diplomatic corps, several military officials, members of the British Royal Household, members of foreign royal families, and representatives of William's charities and others with whom William has worked on official business. Prince William of Wales and Miss Catherine Middleton", "Royal Mint coin design marks Prince William engagement", "Australia's official Royal Engagement Coin", "Canadian mint marking royal wedding with collector coins", "Royal wedding gets Canada Post's stamp of approval", "Royal wedding: Royal Mail creates commemorative stamps", "Huw Edwards to anchor BBC coverage of Royal Wedding", "What channels are showing the royal wedding? A BEAMING Catherine, holding her father's hand, is walking down the aisle to the choral masterpiece I Was Glad by Sir Charles Hubert Hastings Parry from Psalm 122. The ivory gown of white satin gazar with overall lace applique work with floral detail, the full skirt with box pleats, the back leading to a 9 ft train. It is regal but never vulgar, attention-holding without ever hogging the spotlight from the main event -- in this case, a young bride on her way to marry her Prince Charming. Kate Middleton and Prince William, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge's, wedding might have looked like a fairytale, but not everything went right on the day! [5], On 16 November 2010, Clarence House stated that Prince William was to marry Catherine Middleton "in the Spring or Summer of 2011, in London". The spokesman attributed the invitation to Cardinal Brady's contribution to the Northern Ireland peace process. There were four bridesmaids and two page boys:[59][60] Lady Louise Windsor, the seven-year-old daughter of the Earl and Countess of Wessex; Margarita Armstrong-Jones, the eight-year-old daughter of Viscount and Viscountess Linley; Grace van Cutsem, the three-year-old daughter of the couple's friend, Hugh van Cutsem; Eliza Lopes, the three-year-old granddaughter of the Duchess of Cornwall; William Lowther-Pinkerton, the ten-year-old son of William's private secretary, Major Jamie Lowther-Pinkerton; and Tom Pettifer, the eight-year-old son of Princes William and Harry's former nanny, "Tiggy" Pettifer. The lace bodice incorporated machine-made lace, sourced from manufacturers in France and Britain. In Scotland, twenty-one people were arrested at an unofficial "street party" in Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow which saw "completely unacceptable levels" of drunkenness, according to Strathclyde Police. [52], On leaving Westminster Abbey, to the pealing of bells, they passed through a guard of honour of individually selected men and women from the various services, and were greeted by cheers from the crowds. Prince William of Wales, K.G. On the day of the wedding, the Metropolitan Police Service made "pre-emptive" moves, applying blanket stop-and-search powers and arresting 52 people, including 13 arrested at Charing Cross station in possession of anti-monarchy placards and "climbing equipment". In a surprise organised by RAF Wattisham, the car was shadowed by a yellow Sea King helicopter flying the RAF Ensign from its winch cable, marking William's service as a pilot with the RAF Search and Rescue Force. [107][110], The Queen hosted a lunchtime reception at Buckingham Palace,[84][111] starting after the arrival of the married couple's carriage. [143] ITV,[144] BBC,[145] and CNN covered the ceremony and associated events live through the combined pool of footage from the BBC, Sky, and ITN to help cover the overall cost. [73][75] The gowns echoed the bride's dress and were made with the same fabrics and button detail along the back. [6][8], The Queen said she was "absolutely delighted" for the couple,[7] giving her formal consent to the marriage, as required by the since repealed Royal Marriages Act 1772, in her British privy council on the morning of the engagement. A wedding for the ages. [29][30][31] John Curtice, a professor of politics at the University of Strathclyde, stated for the Scottish elections that the date was "unfortunate" and was "likely to see the Royal Family getting caught up in political debate". Back in 2008, the royals were out in full force, however, Kate Middleton attended the nuptials without Prince William. [100], The wedding ring of Catherine is made from Welsh gold. [176], In the UK, the National Grid reported a huge surge in demand for power after the service, equivalent to one million kettles being boiled, when the royal couple returned to Buckingham Palace. Prince William gallantly stepped in to prevent his future wife from being compared to his tragic mum in a TV interview. At 6.00 am, roads in and around the processional route were closed to traffic. [219], The wedding had been subject to threats of violence and disruption. Instead she will vow to “‘love, comfort, honor and keep” William. The lace bodice with V-neck line and long sleeves. [114][116] Cake designer Fiona Cairns based in Fleckney, Leicestershire was chosen in February 2011 to create the wedding cake. [136] However, the restriction on tea towels, though not the other items, was later reversed. [158] Early estimates following the ceremony indicated an estimated 24.5 million people in the United Kingdom watched the wedding on either BBC One or ITV, giving those channels a 99.4% share of the terrestrial television audience as the service began,[159] with the BBC's Live royal wedding website having 9 million hits, estimating over half the British population watched the wedding. It is traditionally sung in the Church of England as an anthem at the Coronation of the British monarch. In a break with royal tradition, the groom had a best man—his brother, Prince Harry—rather than a supporter, while the bride chose her sister, Pippa, as maid of honour. Even though Prince William chose not to receive a … Millions of people across the globe tuned in to watch Prince William and Kate Middleton say ‘I do’ back in 2011. In February, security agencies, including MI5, identified "dissident Irish republican groups" as possible threats. Queen Elizabeth’s Royal Wedding Demands For William & Kate. [235][236] The length of the honeymoon was limited by William's RAF duties and the couple's official scheduled tour to Canada and the United States. [103] Since 1923, it has been a tradition in the Royal Family to use Welsh gold for the wedding ring of the bride. Parry's setting of "I was glad" was performed on 29 April 2011 at the Westminster Abbey wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton as the processional music for the bride and her father and the bridal attendants. Guide Me O Thou Great Redeemer 4. [129] The singer-songwriter Ellie Goulding performed at the event, singing her rendition of "Your Song" for the couple's first dance. After all, we have Queen Victoria to thank for persuading her daughter, Princess Victoria, to use Mendelssohn’s Wedding March in 1858, for instance, and Princess Margaret is one of two royals who opted to use the Toccata from Widor’s Fifth Symphony for their recessional. Guide Me, O Thou Great Redeemer. [181], A number of ceremonies and parties were held at places which had an intimate connection with the couple. Coverage was also provided on the Seven Network, Nine Network and Network Ten. [104] This ring was made from a small amount of gold that had been kept in the royal vaults since it was presented to Queen Elizabeth II. "[73][74] Like her sister, she received "makeup artistry assistance" from Bobbi Brown make-up artist Hannah Martin, but it is unclear who actually put on her makeup for the wedding day. Beforehand, motorists were warned about using the roads in central London on the wedding day, including by Transport for London, which issued travel advice on road closures. The royal and her older sister, Princess Beatrice, were among the guests at William and Kate's wedding on 29 April 2011. The Couple have selected ‘I was Glad’, also by Parry, for the Procession of the Bride. God Save The Queen-British National Anthem 5. [68], The young bridesmaids wore dresses designed by Nicki Macfarlane, handmade with the help of Macfarlane's daughter Charlotte, in their homes at Wiltshire and Kent. Twitter feeds are #royalwedding, #williamandkate, rw2011. Prince William and Duchess Kate were spotted holding hands while waiting for Princess Eugenie to arrive for her wedding at St George’s Chapel in Windsor Castle on Friday, October 12. [46][117] This icebox cake is a favorite tea cake of the Prince, his late mother Princess Diana and Queen Elizabeth II. "[64], For the customary bridal themes of "Something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue", Middleton's gown had lace appointments (the "old"), diamond earrings given by her parents (the "new"), the Queen's tiara (the "borrowed"), and a blue ribbon sewn into the bodice (the "blue"). At a peaceful protest in Soho Square, a man was arrested by plain clothes police. Originally a coronation anthem, it represents all that is right and good about British pageantry. Kate Middleton and Prince William held their wedding at Westminster Abbey in April 2011, and the royal family were out in force to help them celebrate the special day William and Kate took to the floor arm in arm for their slow waltz at 10.30pm, cheered by the 350 guests at the evening reception. It was a private gathering for guests drawn from the congregation who represent the couple's official and private lives. [73][76] Their flowers were designed and made by Shane Connolly and replicated the flowers in Catherine's bouquet: lily-of-the-valley, sweet William, and hyacinth. They were rung by the volunteers of the Westminster Abbey Company of Ringers, under the direction of David Hilling. The bridal dress, designed by the London-based designer Sarah Burton at Alexander McQueen,[61] was made of satin and featured an overlaid lace bodice and appliqued skirt. 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